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SUR – INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON HUMAN RIGHTS GUIDE FOR AUTHORS

Important ! The guidelines for authors have changed and will be in force from the Sur Journal issue 10 on. If you have any doubts, do not hesitate to contact the Executive Board at [email protected]

1 FORMAT

Contributions should be sent electronically (in Microsoft Word format) to the email address [email protected] and follow the guidelines listed below:

–  Length: 15,000 to 30,000 characters with spaces, including bibliography and footnotes.

– Footnotes must be concise (the rules for citation may be found at http://www.surjournal.org/eng/rules17.php);

– Submissions must include:

o   A short biography of the author (maximum 50 words);

o   An abstract (maximum 150 words);

o   Keywords for bibliographic classification; 

o   The date the article was written.

– For the core text, use „Garamond”, 12 point and 1,5cm of space between the lines;

– For the references throughout the text in the format (AUTHOR, year, p.), use „Garamond”, 10 point;

– For the endnotes, use „Garamond”, 10 point and no space between the lines;
 

Important ! All the articles should follow the guidelines for the authors, in order to be considered for publication in the Sur Journal.

2 CITATIONS THROUGHOUT THE TEXT Sur Journal adopts only explicative endnotes. Endnotes should exclusively be additional comments about the text or other necessary explanations. Therefore, mere references to other texts will not be accepted as endnotes. Such references to other texts (books, papers, newspapers, etc.) should be made throughout the text indicating only the name of the author or the organization responsible for the text, year and, if necessary, page, with the format below. The complete references on the text should be included in the list of references in the end of the article.

Format:

(AUTHOR, year, p.)

Example:
The economic chapter of the Constitution was reformed in the nineties to adapt to more orthodox economic thinking (VIEIRA, 1999, p. 38).

3 LIST OF REFERENCES AT THE END OF THE ARTICLE The references are divided between two different lists: „Bibliography and other Sources”, used for books, papers, websites and other documents, and „Jurisprudence”, used for cases at national and international courts or organs.

At the end of the paper, please include a list of the complete bibliography and other sources used, according to the following rules. The list of references is displayed in alphabetical order and, in the case of several documents by the same author or body, displayed from the oldest to the newest.

3.1 BOOKS
Format:
LAST NAME OF THE AUTHOR, First Name. Year. Title. Edition. City: Publisher.

Example:
CLAPHAM, A. 2006. Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Actors. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

3.2 PAPERS PUBLISHED IN BOOKS
Format:
LAST NAME OF THE AUTHOR, First Name. Year. Title of the article. In: LAST NAME OF THE EDITOR, First Name (Org.). Title of the book. Edition. City: Publisher, pages

Example:

ALBISA, C.; SCHULTZ, J. 2008. The United States: A Ragged Patchwork. In: LANGFORD, M. (Org.). Social Rights Jurisprudence: Emerging Trends in International and Comparative Law. New York: Cambridge University Press, p. 230-249.

3.3 PAPERS PUBLISHED IN JOURNALS
Format:
LAST NAME OF THE AUTHOR, First Name. Year. Title of the Paper. Journal, City, volume, number, pages, month.

Example:

JERBI, S. 2009. Business and Human Rights at the UN: What Might Happen Next?. Human Rights Quarterly, Cincinnati, v. 31, n. 2, p. 299-320, Jun.

3.4. UNITED NATIONS DOCUMENTS
Format:
UNITED NATIONS. Year. Mandate or Specific Body. Title of the Document, UN Doc. [UN Symbol], date of the document (if applicable), page or paragraph.

Example 1:
UNITED NATIONS. 2009. Commission on Population and Development. Flow of financial resources in the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development: Report of the Secretary-General, UN Doc. E/CN.9/2009/5, 42nd Session.

Example 2:
UNITED NATIONS. 2006. Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health. Report of the UM Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health to the UNGA, UN Doc. A/61/338, 61st Session.

Example 3:
UNITED NATIONS. 1982. Special Rapporteur of the Sub-Commission. Study for the implications for human rights of recent developments concerning situations known as states of siege or emergency, UN Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1982/15, 15 May, para. 192.

Example 4:
UNITED NATIONS. 1998. Committee On Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. General Comment No. 9: The domestic application of the Covenant, UN Doc. E/C.12/1998/24, para. 2.

3.5 DOCUMENTS FROM OTHER INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Format:
BODY. Year. Document name, Doc. symbol, date of the document, page or paragraph (if applicable).

Example:
INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS. 2002. Report on Terrorism and Human Rights, OAS Doc. OEA/Ser.L/V/ll.116, Doc. 5 rev. 1 corr., 22 Oct., para. 51.

3.6 ELETRONIC RESOURCES
Follow the specific rules regarding the type of document (book, papers published in journals or in books and etc), and add at the end of the reference:

Format:
Available at: . Last accessed on: (date)

Example:
FREEMAN, C.; HEYDENREICH, C.; LILLYWHITE, S. 2000. Guide to the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises’ Complaint Procedure: lessons from past NGO complaints. OECD Watch. Available at: . Last accessed on: 15 Oct. 2008.

3.7 OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS FROM GOVERNMENTS

Format:
COUNTRY or ORGANIZATION. Number/Title, Date.

Example:
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 2006. Bureau of African Affairs. Niger: Background notes, Washington: US Department of State.

3.8 NEWSPAPERS

Format:
LAST NAME OF THE AUTHOR, First name. Year. Title of the article. Newspaper, City, date, page/section.

Example:
SCHWARTZ, J. Big, maybe ugly, but their role heroic. New York Times, New York, 23 Mar. 2006, National.

4 JURISPRUDENCE The jurisprudence list is presented separately after the list of „bibliography and other sources” at the end of the article. This list is displayed in alphabetical order and, in the case of several decisions by the same body, displayed from the oldest to the newest.

The general format is as follows:

JURISDICTION (COUNTRY/COURT). Year of the Decision. Date, Applicant v. Defendant, Type of Decision, Number, paragraph (if applicable).

If there is a specific format to refer to certain document, please adopt this format. The specific format adopted by the main human rights bodies is:

4.1 UN TREATY BODIES VIEWS:
HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE. 2007. Views of 30 March, X v. Colombia, Communication N° 1361/2005, para. (if applicable).

4.2 EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS:
EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS. 1993. Judgment of 22 April, Modinos v. Cyprus, Application N° 15070/89, para. (if applicable).

4.3 INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS:
INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS. 2004. Judgment of 8 July, Gómez Paquiyauri v. Peru, para. (if applicable).

4.4 INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS:
INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS. 2000. Report N° 42/00 of 13 April, Case N° 11.103, Pedro Peredo Valderrama (Mexico), para. (if applicable).

4.5 AFRICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES’ RIGHTS:
AFRICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES’ RIGHTS. 2000. Malawi African Association et al. v. Mauritania, Communications 54/91 et al.; 27th Ordinary Session, May.

4.6 INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS:
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. 2001. Judgment of 2 August, Case of The Prosecutor v. Radislav Krstic „Srebrenica”, N° IT-98-33, para. (if applicable).

4.7 NATIONAL COURT
INDIA. 1980. Supreme Court. Municipal Council Ratlam v. Vardhichand and others, AIR 1980 SC 1622.
 

5 MISCELLANEOUS – For Latin phrases -inter alia, jus cogens, etc – use italics; – To refer to articles of an international instrument or legislation, do not use the abbreviation „art.” But the word „Article”; – For documents in English, use UK English; – For documents in Portuguese, use Brazilian Portuguese; – For documents in Spanish, use Modern Spanish from Spain; – Use the official acronyms from the intergovernmental organizations’ systems;

– Use „S” (capitalized) for State or Member State (country).